Belief that your situation is a zero sum situation and competing - even when there are unlimited resources.
Tendency to think that travelling to an unfamiliar place has taken longer - but an equal time journey in very familiar route would feel shorter.
Explains the negative behaviours of out-group(others) to personality defects and negative behaviours of the in-group(us) to external circumstances or chance.
We underestimate time saved when moving from a relatively smaller speed to higher speed. Also, we overestimate time saved when moving from a relatively faster speed to even faster speed.
Events in the past or future seems more distant(backward telescoping/time expansion) or nearer(forward telescoping) than they actually are.
People confuse selection factors with results.
Concentrating on the people/things that got past a selection point.
General belief about a group of people - and expects that belief to be true of all individuals in the group.
We think we are noticed/thought about by others way more than we actually are.
We overestimate our ability to control impulsive behaviour.
We judge past events more positively than we do the present.
Tendency to devalue ideas/proposals that comes from an 'enemy'.
Tendency to seek the positive.
We underestimate time required to finish a task.
Seeing a pattern/meaning where there is none.
The brain sometimes ignores multiple warnings signals.
Tendency to avoid things with an external origin.
The belief that the people in the out-group are very similar to each other.
Evaluating the quality of a decision after the outcome is known.
Number of items that can be held in short term memory: 7 +/- 2
People mistake the face value of money(the amount of money) with the real value(what it can buy).
A previous 'good' behaviour will make it easier to do 'bad' behaviour.
Belief that we know other people better than the other person knows us.
A belief that good/bad things happen to us because of external influences rather than personal actions.
We think other people can understand our mental state fairly accurately.
Overestimation of ability to interpret and predict outcome when analysing data that shows a consistent pattern.
Perceiving a relation between things(people, behaviours, events, etc) when no such relation exists.
Favouring people of your in-group over people outside.
People tend to ignore sample size of data. They forget that variation is more likely in smaller sample sizes.
Belief that people will get what they deserve. Or Everything happens for a reason.
Belief that the characteristics of one person in a group must be there in all.
It describes the widely experienced difficulty of accurately estimating the time it will take to complete tasks of substantial complexity.
Belief that someone who has been successful will be more likely to be successful in future attempts.
Philosophical view that all things have a set of properties that are necessary to their identity.
We think other people are driven more by extrinsic motivators(like monetary reward) and we are driven more by intrinsic motivators(learning a new skill).
Cognitive bias that limits your imagination of how an object can be used to only its traditional use.
Belief that a society or institution is becoming worse over time.
Tendency to believe that individuals are more attractive when they are in a group.
Memory error - people sometimes have wrong/distorted memories that they are confident about.
People don't easily change existing belief even when presented with new evidence.
Tendency to recognize faces from your own race more easily when compared to recognizing faces from other races.
When communicating with others, we assume that they have all the background information about the topic that we have already.
We tend to overvalue the specific information - rather than integrating it with general information like the base rate.
Belief that if it's possible, then it's probable.
The idea that since an argument had a logical fallacy in it, it must be false.
We believe that the views of an authority figure(Eg. God, Govt., Parent) is more accurate - and let it influence our options.
Assigning human traits, attributes, emotions or agency to non-human things.
We **overestimate** duration and intensity of future emotional states.
If an unlikely event(that's statistically independent) occurred multiple times, it's less likely to occur in the future.
Tendency to follow the crowd. Adopting behaviours, practices, attitudes, beliefs only because others are doing it.
People tend to assign subjective value to money - this is susceptible to biases, thinking flaws.
Tendency to believe decisions from an automated decision making system have more accuracy. And even ignore contradictory information made without automation.
Belief that probability of the whole is lesser than the sum of probabilities of the parts.
We forecast our current preference on to a future event.
Tendency to ignore probability when making decisions in uncertain conditions.
Tendency to transfer the good impression of a person/ company/ brand/ etc in one context to things they recommend in another context.
We believe that personal experience/anecdotal examples trumps data or logical argument.
An inert pill can cure health issues if the patient believes that it will.
If we see an innovation at work, we tend to believe that it can be applied everywhere without need of alterations.
Less likely to spend a large denomination currency than the equal value in smaller notes.
Belief that streaks or clusters in parts of random data are non-random.