Outcome bias

Evaluating the quality of a decision after the outcome is known.

This will likely lead to wrong conclusion because of Hindsight Bias


The reason why an individual makes this mistake is that he or she will incorporate currently available information when evaluating a past decision.


The outcome bias has been found to be substantially present in real world situations. A study looking at the evaluation of football players' performance by coaches and journalists found that players' performance is judged to be substantially better—over a whole match—if the player had a lucky goal rather than an unlucky miss